Masonry

Masonry is the building of structures from individual units laid in and bound together by mortar. Common materials include brick, stone, concrete block, glass block, and tile. Masonry is generally a highly durable form of construction. Materials used, quality of the mortar, workmanship, and unit placement can strongly affect the durability of the overall construction.

Masonry is commonly used for the construction of building walls, retaining walls and monuments. Brick is the most common type of masonry and may be either weight-bearing or attached as a veneer. Concrete block masonry is rapidly gaining in popularity.

The word "masonry" may refer to a variety of items, including brick, block, structural tile, glass block, fieldstone, cut stone, and their respective installations. Brick, block, and tile are often called masonry units, and working with them is commonly referred to as "unit masonry."

Masonry construction is popular for a variety of reasons. It is fireproof, capable of withstanding abuse, and requires relatively little maintenance. It is also an aesthetically pleasing and a relatively economical form of construction.

The two most common units in use are brick and concrete block. Brick is probably the best known type of unit masonry. It is very adaptable and can be installed in a variety of pleasing patterns, textures, and colors.

The major classifications of brick include face brick, common brick, glazed brick, fire brick, and pavers. Face bricks have a better appearance and are used when the bricks are to be in view. Common bricks are used when appearance is not as important, such as for the backup of a face brick veneer wall.

Glazed bricks have a ceramic or other glazing material on one or two sides of the faces. They are used in a variety of circumstances, such as in restrooms, cafeterias, and kitchens, where durability and cleanliness are important. They may also be used as decorative wainscoting or for an attractive building exterior. Fire bricks are used in areas where high temperatures are encountered. Brick pavers are used as a wearing surface or flooring.

Concrete masonry units - concrete block - are used primarily for walls, partitions, or backup material for other veneers, such as face brick. The basic concrete block has actual face dimensions of 7-5/8" x 15-5/8", but is referred to as an 8" x 16" unit.

Standard block thicknesses include 2", 3", 4", 6", 8", and 12" units. Concrete block is also available in a variety of textures and colors.

Masonry is generally priced by the piece and/or converted into a cost per square foot. Be sure to think about these elements when estimating masonry:

    • Weather factors
    • Scaffolding
    • Mortar and accessories
    • Brick masonry
    • Concrete unit masonry
    • Glass block

Browse Masonry Subdivisions by MasterFormat®

04 01 00 - Maintenance of Masonry
04 05 00 - Common Work Results for Masonry
04 06 00 - Schedules for Masonry
04 08 00 - Commissioning of Masonry
04 20 00 - Unit Masonry
04 40 00 - Stone Assemblies
04 50 00 - Refractory Masonry
04 60 00 - Corrosion Resistant Masonry
04 70 00 - Manufactured Masonry

 

Projects that Included Masonry:

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03 00 00 - Concrete
04 00 00 - Masonry
05 00 00 - Metals
08 00 00 - Openings
09 00 00 - Finishes
10 00 00 - Specialties
11 00 00 - Equipment
12 00 00 - Furnishings
21 00 00 - Fire Suppression
22 00 00 - Plumbing
23 00 00 - HVAC
26 00 00 - Electrical
27 00 00 - Communications
31 00 00 - Earthwork
33 00 00 - Utilities
34 00 00 - Transportation