Thermal and Moisture Protection includes the materials used to seal the outside of the building against moisture, thermal, and air penetration, plus the associated insulation and accessories. (Note, however, that doors and windows are covered in Openings.) Included are dampproofing, waterproofing, insulation, and roofing.
Roofing can be subdivided into various types depending on its application. Shingles are used mostly on residences. Commercial and/or industrial roofs usually consist of one or a combination of built-up (layered tar and asphalt felts, for example), single ply membrane, metal sheets, corrugated metal panels, copper sheets, copper panels, and corrugated fiberglass panels.
Additional elements include sheet metal work associated with roofing:
Flashings, trim, gutters and downspouts, gravel stops, and the like. Roof accessories must also be considered as part of a complete estimate. They include hatches, skylights, and vents.
Be sure to consider: